Nature in City
Market Square alley
a vine of trendsetting degrees makes its way up and out of the weathered and historical Market Square. sadly establishing refuge in a sterile environment, what can be taken from this plant is its resiliency in the urbanity. its ability to thrive [as we observe] gives it adverse conditions the middle finger. here lies “plant”, navigator of the anthropocene. the setting of its home could not be more iconic: allley lights dimming directly above, windows to the air-controlled, and a vertical crack giving width to three stacked pennies, plant stands no chance–yet, demonstrates nature’s ambivalence to the grayscape.
City in Nature
KUB Waste Water treatment facility
a converter of the grotesque to the celebrated, KUB faces a constant headwind of public distaste resultant of misperception. yet, the purifier revels in bliss as it knows the effect of its reach. however, disrupting its geographical context, it fails in preserving the pristine of the bucolic. the drastic change in natural to infrastructural pressures the purifier to be self-conscious. altruistic in its duties, the purifier must find ways public transparencies in order to enlighten the wonderers that it is contributing healthier water into the river and to its constituents.
City as Nature
Bakers Creek (Urban Wilderness)
knoxville’s emergence as a nature-designation has created a fresh personality for the city. competing with the likes of chattanooga and asheville, knoxville differentiates itself as the “urban wilderness”–able to bridge the gap between city and nature. Here we see the remains of a building (city) as a reminder to bakers creek of its relationship and proximity to the urban. Unable to turn many corners without seeing the building facade of a trail neighbor, or some type of concrete remains, bakers creek hopes to play in the background , yet compromises itself by the alluring smell of the distant queso.
Before reading John Hunt’s “Greater Perfections”, this idea of an unfettered territory, void of human projections, enticed the mystique of nature–or as I now categorize as the “territorial”. Using the word “nature” never rang any alarms before or even during the first year of graduate school for me. To say that nothing is natural anymore mitigates the ephemeral experience of walking along a deserted trail or navigating through an abandoned industrial site. I would argue that both sides of the “nature” debate share valid points. In Hunt’s explanation of the “three natures”, he does an excellent job of explaining the physical alteration of nature by a human need for production [agriculture/”second nature”] as well as the ornamental [third nature]. However, his characterization of first nature–or the wilderness–denotes a solipsistic view of nature that the physical natures do not delineate. This is how and where I choose to seek nature. Whether I am in a field of rolling hills or standing on the boardwalk of a bustling cityscape, the ethereal connection I have with the territory is where I choose to seek my nature. That is the only way that site can be truly natural–as it lives inside our minds.
After attending Craig Dyker’s Church Lecture at the Bijou, I was fascinated by his flamboyant personality, but intelligent delivery and knowledge of the many, high-profile projects that his firm, Snohetta, has worked on. Moreover, after discussing my project with Dykers in a rare, intimate setting in Ewing, I was impressed by his ability to speak at both a broad, conceptual level as well as delve deep into the technical, esoteric intricacies of architecture. Aware that he did a TED Talk a few years ago on Snohetta’s Times Square renovation, I was interested to see a more detailed account of the process of engaging such a high-profile project. Similar to the ethos of Thomas Woltz, Dykers’ presents the Times Square renovation in a historical deep-dive of the site. As he begins to strip down the history of Times Square, we discover that its location is epicenter to the confluence of many creeks–thus creating a sunkenness on the island of Manhattan, and discovering elevation change of 8 ft within a few blocks. It’s Dykers and Snohetta’s deep-dive into the non-traditional aspects of site that makes them such innovators in design. Dykers’ peculiar research approach is also demonstrated as he focuses heavily on human behaviour and movement throughout Times Square. Whether noticing the many ways people used a newspaper stand or engaged a bench in Times Square, Snohetta would base their form and placement around human temporality. I think that’s what makes Dykers and Snohetta so innovative, they understand the temporality between space, form and humans and that designing for a multimodal environment is integral in a lasting design.
In Dr. Michelle Bell’s lecture, she discusses the impact of forest fires on our health. If landscape architecture consists of everything outside the building, then quality of our climate contributes largely to the users of the landscape. As Dr. Bell argues, the damages done by forest fires on our health have been underestimated, and the research of its health impacts are rather scarce. Most shocking of her discoveries are the inevitable rise in wildfire occurrences. As landscape architects, we must consider that this eventual rise will produce more air pollution. Therefore, the question we must ask ourselves is: How can we, as designers, combat and mitigate climate change in our built environments? In order for designers to tackle this question, Dr. Bell’s break down of communities most affected by air pollution can help to answer some of these problems. As she states, the most at-risk subpopulations of air pollution mortality are the low income, urban demographics. This is caused by their more ubiquitous grayscape surroundings and lack of vegetative areas to absorb carbon dioxide emissions. Although highly scientific for an intended scientific audience, I believe that landscape architects can utilize this data to consider how urban design can acknowledge Dr. Bell’s data to inform how larger vegetation landscapes and carbon dioxide mitigators can be introduced in existing, low-income communities.
In Dr. Thomas Gillespie’s Baker Center lecture, he is beginning to use Geographic Integrated Systems (GIS) in tandem with remote sensing devices to accurately predict how plant communities thrive. Specifically, his work and “test subjects” were being demonstrated in Oahu, Hawaii. As he looks at the state’s flower, he observes the migratory pattern of its movement and richness in health. Moreover, he applies similar data collection by looking at more tropical vegetation areas in California, where he is a professor at UCLA. Throughout his taxonomic investigations in the increasing dryness of tropical forests and their plant communities, I noticed a tie in the scientific data collection of his work that could be beneficial in the way landscape architects approach landscapes in a world of mercurial climates. As his remote sensors record real-time changes in terrestrial vegetation, landscape architects could–and should–be utilizing his findings in order to help predict how architectural interventions could disrupt or strengthen vegetative change. A useful subset of those findings can also help us to decide where plants should grow. As landscape architects, it should be a present-day imperative that scientific scholarship on climate change and its effects on vegetation is integrated in the discourse of design as additional tools to help us create truly performative and adaptive architecture.
Fast, foreign, responsive–a few words to describe the Arduino workshop weekend with Brian Osborn. As a first year, adapting to complex, foreign technologies is an unaided reality that daunts the 1st-year MLA on a biweekly basis. The problem with the many technologies that we use in the program facilitate theoretical data and speculative conclusions. However, Osborn’s workshop merged the gap between the virtually speculative and real-life data collection. Even though we did not capitalize on the workshop in our studio work, Osborn’s visit provided us with a new toolset that makes data collection more accessible and its application as accurate input for design.
Working with the Arduino kits, Osborn’s proficiency in its software and programming with architectural modeling software, such as Rhino, shows how landscape architects can transcend the traditional characteristics of the profession. Compared to a landscape architect who does residential work, Osborn and the residential LA share the same title, yet their skills and work could not be further apart. Although landscape architects must be weary of hyper-specialization, people–like Osborn–culture a holistic pedagogy that creates a marriage and familiarity between the traditional and the ever-evolving techno.
Skepticism rose high as Andrew Madl’s visit to UTK for a position with the School of Landscape grew near. Skepticism mainly comprised of his youthful stature. As a current 3rd-year MLA at the Graduate School of Design, I was worried that his age and lack of private-side experience would be a crutch in the evaluation of his candidacy. Despite his age, the presentation of his work and skills exceeded the maturity of his age. Particularly, I was impressed by the proficiency of the many softwares that he utilizes in his daily workflow. His proficiency was demonstrated as he described how he was able to predict water flow by deploying gaming software that is used to show how blood pools. From a technological standpoint, Madl displays how landscape architecture can operate outside the traditional tools of the discipline. As UTKCoaD continues to embrace the” non-traditional” and emerging technologies, I think that his youthful vigor and adeptness to diverse applications will be beneficial to the School of Landscape Architecture. Moreover, under Gale Fulton and Brad Collett’s guidance, I think Madl would have an incredible opportunity to tune his pedagogical approach as well as continue to explore the various modes of landscape architecture data collection, interpretation, and visualization at UTK.